Bipolar disorder refers to a condition related to your mental health in which people get severe mood swings. It includes lower (depression) and higher (hypomania) states of emotions. It is also known as manic depression.

You may feel hopeless, depressed, or sad when you have the symptoms of bipolar disorder. People with this condition start losing interest in their daily life activities. 

They lose seeking pleasure in certain activities. You may get the feeling of euphoria when your mood transfers to hypomania or mania. The condition of hypomania has severe intensity. Moreover, you may sometimes feel full energy.

In mod shifts, you can feel irritable unusually. These mood swings normally affect the pattern of your sleep, behavior, thinking, judgment, and activities. It also affects your energy level. Mood swing episodes can appear many times in one year or an individual can rarely experience it.

Most people get emotional symptoms when they experience these episodes. Symptoms of bipolar disorder may not appear in people in some cases. You can call this condition lifelong. The reason is that people have to manage their symptoms and mood swings.

Follow the plan of treatment that your doctor has recommended you. Your doctor may treat your mood swings with psychological counseling and medications. 

Symptoms

Bipolar disorder and other conditions related to this disorder exhibit many symptoms. It may include depression, mania, and hypomania. These symptoms induce changes in your behavior and mood that are unpredictable. 

Due to these unpredictable symptoms, you may face different issues in your daily life activities and relationships with people. It can cause significant distress. Moreover, it also causes other difficulties in your life.

Bipolar I Disorder

You may have experienced one manic episode with major depressive episodes or hypomania. Mania can trigger the situation in which people get a break from reality. It is called psychosis. People may be disconnected from reality in this condition.

Bipolar II Disorder 

In this condition, you have had one episode of hypomania and one episode of major depressive disorder. But you never experience a manic episode.

Cyclothymic Disorder

You have experienced the symptoms of hypomania and depression in the two years or one year if you are a teenager. This episode is less complicated than major depression.

Symptoms Of Mania And Hypomania

These two episodes are different. But the symptoms of both conditions are the same. Mania is more complicated and severe as compared to hypomania. The condition of mania induces noticeable issues like problems at social activities, work, or school.

It also causes issues with your relationships. It can also induce the condition of psychosis which is the disconnection from reality. In this case, people need immediate medical care and hospitalization. An individual may have three or more symptoms of mania or hypomania that are:

  • Being wired, abnormally upbeat, or jumpy
  • Agitation or increased activity
  • Distractibility
  • Racing thoughts
  • Decreased desire to sleep
  • Having exaggerated self-confidence 
  • Unusual talks
  • Poor decision making

Major Depressive Episode

The symptoms of major depressive episodes are severe and complications. These symptoms cause issues in managing day-to-day working and activities. 

You may experience five or more symptoms in one major depressive episode. Following are the symptoms of a major depressive episode.

  • Loss of energy 
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of feeling pleasure in anything
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive guilt or feeling worthless
  • Suicidal thoughts

Causes

Researchers have not yet confirmed the exact cause of bipolar disorder. There are some factors that plan an important role in making you vulnerable to develop the symptoms of bipolar disorder. These factors are given below.

Biological Differences

People who experience the symptoms of bipolar disorder have some physical changes in the area of their brain. It does not provide you complete evidence about the disorder but helps to identify the causes.

Genetics

We cannot deny the role of genetics in causing certain diseases or making you vulnerable to develop those diseases. People whose first-degree relatives like parents or any sibling is experiencing the symptoms of this disorder are vulnerable to develop bipolar disorders.

Researchers are working on identifying specific genes that play a role in causing bipolar disorder. Do not ignore your condition if you think you are developing the symptoms of bipolar disorder. You need immediate medical care if you think your symptoms of this disorder are getting worse.

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