Copyright is a term that identifies copyright. The Copyright symbol is one of the easiest graphic symbols to come across.
Let’s try to find out more.
What is copyright?
Ownership of the copyright gives the owner the exclusive right to use the work, with some exceptions. When a person creates an original work, fixed in a tangible medium, he automatically owns the copyright.
Which works can be copyrighted?
Many types of works meet the necessary requirements to be protected by copyright, including:
- Audiovisual works, such as TV shows, movies and online videos
- Audio recordings and musical compositions
- Written works, such as lectures, articles, books and musical compositions
- Visual works, such as paintings, posters and advertisements
- Video games and computer software
- Theatrical works, such as plays and musicals
Is it possible to use a copyrighted work without infringing it?
Yes, in some circumstances it is possible to use a copyrighted work without infringing the owner’s copyright. For more information on this, it may be appropriate to know about fair use. It is important to note that your content may be removed following a copyright infringement claim, even if you have …
- Copyright holder mentioned
- Avoid monetizing infringing content
- Payment required for a copy of the content in question
- Noticed the presence of similar content on the Internet
- Purchased the contents, including a digital print or copy
- Recorded content personally from the TV, in a movie theater or on the radio
- I copied the contents personally from a textbook, poster or photograph
- Declared that “you did not intend to commit any copyright infringement”
- Some content authors choose to make their works available for reuse with certain requirements.
How are copyrighted works distinguished?
The Copyright symbol is one of the easiest graphic symbols to come across. It is a circled C, which stands for copyright. The symbol indicates that a work is protected by copyright.
You can find the copyright symbol on photographs, images, books, poems and texts.
Historically, one of the first uses of this symbol dates back to ancient Scottish almanacs of the 1600s. In more modern times, the protection of copyright finds legal recognition with the Bern Convention, of 1886, and the authorship of a work is recognized even if the Copyright symbol does not appear.
The law of copyright, law 633 of 1941, provides that intellectual works of a creative nature and specifically works in the field of literature, music, figurative arts, architecture, theater and cinema are protected.
A similar symbol is that of the registered trademark, a circled R.
What are the differences between the © symbol and the ® symbol? These are two symbols with very different meanings. While the first indicates that a work is protected by Copyright, the second indicates that a trademark has been registered with the Italian Patent and Trademark Office.
Whoever wants to register a product, a service or a company, can apply for registration to the Office, which will then approve the request or not in the presence of certain requirements. As in the case of Copyright, the registered trademark symbol is not mandatory and the trademark in question enjoys protection even if the symbol does not appear on it.
What does copyright infringement mean?
Infringing copyright means using a protected intellectual work without asking the author or the copyright holder for consent.
Causes of violation
In essence, copyright infringement can be caused by:
- a reproduction of the work for profit,
- from a plagiarism (e.g. a musical plagiarism),
- an unauthorized modification.
What are the risks?
Penalties for infringing copyright include both fines and imprisonment. Crimes against copyright, in fact, are punishable ex officio.
The type of sanction depends on the seriousness of the offense and on the application of measures and sanctions that can be requested and obtained by the holders of the rights, even online, in cases of massive violations imposed, directly by the administrative authority (for example AGCOM ) or judicial.